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Facts And History About The Bulgarian Language


The Bulgarian language originated somewhere around the 9th century. Since then the language has seen some significant transformation. The Old Bulgarian language was spoken from 9th century onwards to 12th century. The modern Bulgarian language we know of today was introduced to the world around the 1500s. Let’s take a look at some of the most amazing facts about the Bulgarian language.

Amazing Facts About The Bulgarian Language

Language Family: Bulgarian is a south Slavic language and belongs to the Indo –European language family.

Speakers: Almost 9 Million people speak Bulgarian in the country of Bulgaria. That is about 85% of the total country. Overall there are around 15 Million speakers of the Bulgarian language in the world.

Script: It is written in the Cyrillic script. The Cyrillic script was created by Methodius and Cyril who were brothers. They were actually Bulgarians themselves. Like the English language, the Bulgarian language is written from left to right.

Distinction Of Being The First: The Bulgarian language has the distinction of being the first Slavic language to be written. Written records of the Bulgarian language can be traced back to the 9th century.

Relation With Other Languages: The Bulgarian language is known to be closely related to the Macedonian language.

Borrowed Words: The Bulgarian language takes most of its words from the Slavic language however it has also borrowed some words from Turkish and Greek language.

Number Of Alphabets: Around 28 – 44 alphabets were used in the old Bulgarian language however the modern Bulgarian language only has 30 alphabets. In the late 1800s, a 32 alphabet language system was proposed by Bulgarian historian Marin Stoyanov Drinov. However in 1945 the number was lowered down to 30.

Bulgarian Dialects: There are many different dialects of the Bulgarian language however the Bulgarian language dialects can be divided into two major categories. i.e. the western dialects and the eastern dialects.

Language Gender: There are grammatically three genders in the Bulgarian language. These genders are feminine, masculine and neuter.

Part of Speech: The parts of speech in the Bulgarian language can be divided into two major classifications. i.e. Mutable and Immutable. These are further divided into ten types.

Unique Character: You always have to add an O after b. In the Bulgarian language, you cannot pronounce the letter b without adding the o after it.

Longest Word: The longest word in the Bulgarian language is непротивоконституционствувателствувайте. It roughly translates to don’t go against the constitutions.

Untranslatable Words: There are many words in the Bulgarian language that cannot be translated. This is due to the fact that they represent a condition or a lifestyle that is common in the Bulgarian culture. One example of this word is Aylyak.

Bulgarian Tenses: There are a total of Nine tenses in the Bulgarian language.

Bulgarian Language Day

May 24th is a highly celebrated day in Bulgaria. It is the day when Bulgarian celebrates the Bulgarian language, their culture and the inventors of the Cyrillic script.

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia Bulgaria

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